South India Journal of Social Sciences is now an official member of Crossref JGate sgd
Art and Architecture in Bhadarwah Region of Jammu and Kashmir
ARTICLE PDF FILE

Keywords

Bhadarwah
culture
art
architecture
baoli

Categories

How to Cite

Kumar, R., & Bhoi, T. (2024). Art and Architecture in Bhadarwah Region of Jammu and Kashmir. SOUTH INDIA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, 22(2 June), 92-101. https://doi.org/10.62656/SIJSS.v22i2.111

Abstract

The region of Bhadarwah (Happy Region) is called ‘Nag Bhoomi’ or the land of Nagas. The Bhadarwah region is bound to the Hindu religion and there is also the assimilation and acculturation of the Naga culture. The shawl manufacture, carved combs, and the schools of painting and preserving the hay are present in its culture. The entire Hindu population of Bhadarwah believes in Nag worship. Several temples of Basak (Vasuki) Nag were built in vernacular style in and around Bhadarwah. The Naga shrines are constructed with a square chamber built of layers of stones with wooden beams surrounded by a verandah and covered with a conical wooden roof. The architectural style in the hilly regions is Shikhara style built in wood or concrete, depending upon the raw material available. The baoli (tank or pond) art and architecture represent the ancient practice in Bhadarwah. A beautiful black stone moustachioed crocodile-mouthed hose in Gandharan style is present in Sungli baoli. The idols and the hose are a great artistic skill which is the representation of stonework. Temples and stone idols around the spring provide sanctity so that they are not polluted. The Kud or Kodd is a folk dance performed in the worship of Vasuki Nag. The Gupta Ganga cave inscription is associated with Pandavas, Buddhists, Saivites, and Puranic Hinduism. The haystack is unique to this region resembling the Vimana of the temple. The existence of Brahmi inscription points out the rule of Kushanas, Sakas and Khaks. 

ARTICLE PDF FILE

References

Archaeological Survey of India. (1904). Annual progress report of the Superintendent of the Archaeological Survey, Panjáb and United Provinces Circle: For the year ending 31. March. Lahore.

Atrey, M. (2021). Documenting the Folk Deities of Jammu Region. In: Chauhan, A. (eds) Understanding Culture and Society in India. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-1598-6_7

Bates, C. E. (2005). A Gazetteer of Kashmir, and the Adjacent Districts of Kishtwar, Badrawar, Jammu, Naoshera, Punch, and the Valley of the Kishen Ganga. Gulshan Books.

Drew, F. (1875). The Jummoo and Kashmir Territories: A Geographical Account. Stanford.

Jamwal, S. (2006). Development of Religion and Religious Structures in Jammu Region-An Overview. Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, 87, 163-174. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41692054.

Kaul, P. K. (2001). Antiquities of the Chenab Valley in Jammu: Inscriptions, Copper Plates, Sanads, Grants, Firmans and Letters in Brahmi-Sharda-Takri-Persian and Devnagri Scripts. Eastern Book Linkers.

Kumar, Rajat., & Bhoi, Tirtharaj. (2022). Preliminary Report on Art and Architecture of Bowlis in Bhadarwah, Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory. History Today, 23, 36-39. History_today_23.pdf (indarchaeology.org)

Pathik, J., & Sharma, D. C. (1980). Cultural heritage of the Dogras. Light & Life Publishers.

Sharma, N. (2021). Naag Deity Worship in Bhaderwah: A Case Study of Jaatra Ritual. In: Chauhan, A. (eds) Understanding Culture and Society in India. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-1598-6_11

Stein, M. (2013). Kalhana's Rajatarangini: A Chronicle of the Kings of Kashmir. Montilal Banarsidass.

Vogel, J. P., & Hutchison, J. (1999). History of the Panjab Hill States. Low Price Publications.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 SOUTH INDIA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES